February 15, 2022

Periodontitis is the sixth most common disease in the world according to BSPERIO. People who have this condition are much more likely to have life-threatening health problems, such as cardiovascular disease. 

The connection between periodontal disease and other serious systemic conditions are related to inflammation in the body. This can occur from a hyper immune response to toxic bacteria entering the bloodstream and affecting the heart valves. 

 

How does it develop?

Bacterial plaque constantly forms on our teeth from eating and drinking. 

If not removed properly by brushing, flossing, or cleaning by a dental hygienist, over time the plaque hardens to become a rough deposit called calculus or tartar. This begins to irritate the gums, making them tender, swollen, and more likely to bleed – an early stage of gum disease called gingivitis. 

Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease, whereby the plaque destroys surrounding tissue and bone, forming pockets around the teeth to harbour more bacteria. Unfortunately, the affected teeth become loose and are eventually lost as a result. 

 

What does a Periodontist do?

Periodontists are oral healthcare professionals who are specially trained to diagnose, prevent and treat periodontal diseases. They will perform a thorough examination of a patient’s teeth and gums by identifying hidden signs of periodontitis such as gaps, loose teeth, redness around the gums, etc. 

Once an assessment is complete, periodontists use the latest equipment and tools to ensure a healthy mouth, with treatment options available for every stage of gum disease. 

 

Early treatment  

In most cases, early treatment of periodontitis requires scaling or root planning which involves the removal of excessive amounts of plaque and tartar from your teeth below the gum line. It can also smooth out any rough edges on top of them so that they’re less likely to get inflamed later. Combined with daily cleaning, this should help improve overall gum health. 

 

Advanced treatment

However, more extensive work may become necessary to correct severe  issues. For example, osseous surgery helps to reduce the size of pockets, remove bacteria and repair damage to the underlying bone. Other procedures include gum grafts to correct recession, dental implants to replace missing teeth and treatment for regenerative tissue and bone growth. 

 

Book an appointment 

Speak to one of our periodontists in Clapham, Balham and Wandsworth, where we offer expert periodontal therapy to treat and prevent gum disease for patients across London.